… By the early 1830s, Mexican authorities became alarmed by the flood of Americans into Texas. Mexican officials in Texas began to harass Americans in the province about their thwarting of anti-slavery laws, custom duties (taxes) and failure to convert to Catholicism, as the Austins had promised in establishing their colony.
In 1835, General Antonio Lopez Santa Anna declared himself dictator of Mexico and decided to march an army into Texas to punish the Americans. When his army arrived in 1836, North American Texas declared its independence, and American forces held Fort Alamo. Santa Anna’s forces took the fort and killed all the defenders including American folk heroes Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie.
Under the cry, “Remember the Alamo,” Texans – led by Sam Houston – beat the Mexicans at the battle of San Jacinto, capturing Santa Anna. Under threat of execution, Santa Anna recognized Texas independence, agreeing to the Rio Grande River as the boundary for the Republic of Texas. …
- When seeking aid against Santa Anna, the defenders of the Alamo appealed to “All Americans in the world.” Are there Americans other places than in America? Can this be read as imagining that to be American is an attitude or a position, rather than simply a designation?
- If we came to believe that being an American is an attitude, as much as an accident of birth, how should it affect American immigration policy?
- How different would the United States be without its formerly Mexican territories (Texas, New Mexico, California, etc.)?
This reading is an excerpt from Certell’s Common Sense American History eBook. Certell offers curriculum materials and eBooks free of charge for students and teachers. Click here to download the Common Sense American History materials.
30, Oct. 2018, The Alamo [Digital image]. Retrieved from <google.com>.